It is a cosmetic technique which employs permanent pigmentation of the dermis as a means of producing designs that resemble makeup, such as eyelining and other permanent enhancing colors to the skin of the face, lips and eyelids.
It is also used to produce artificial eyebrows, particularly in people who have lost them as a consequence of old age, disease, such as alopecia, chemotherapy, or a genetic disturbance. Permanent makeup results in enhanced features of the face-definition and can be applied to eyebrows, eyes and lips by the use of colors. Results can imitate topically applied cosmetics or can be quite unnoticeable, depending upon the design, color and amount of pigment used.
At first, permanent makeup results may look darker. This is due to color remaining in the outermost epidermal layers of skin at the start. Color softens within a few days. The best possible color results can last for many years or may being to fade over time. How much time is individual to each person. Sun exposure fades color.
Complications: As with tatoos, permanent makeup may have complications, such as allergies to the pigments, formation of scars, granulomas and keloids, skin cracking, peeling, blistering and local infection.
Compliance with standard precautions and a uniform code of safe practice should be insisted upon by a person considering undergoing a cosmetic permanent makeup procedure. In the hands of a skilled person, the procedures are totally safe.