The complete ophthalmologic examination consists of an optical and anatomical evaluation. For optical evaluation computarized equipment is used to determine refractive errors such as myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia. Also the need to wear prescription glasses, hard or soft contact lenses will be determined.
The optical examination can be done by an optometrist or an ophthalmologist in our center. The anatomical examination is done by an ophthalmologist (Eye doctor) and it involves the use of a slit lamp to evaluate eyelids, conjuntiva, cornea, anterior chamber, iris and cristaline lens.
The use of a goniolens helps the Eye MD evaluate the anterior chamber angle (where the eye's drainage is ). Intraocular pressure is measured with a Goldmann and pneumatic tonometers for Glaucoma screening.
Lacrimal secretion is measured with schirmer's test and breakup time test to evaluate dry eye conditions. Dilated pupil examination of the eye's fundus is performed to detect diseases of the retina,macula or vitreous. If needed special examinations will be done by the phisician depending each case and disease.
To learn more about common eye diseases, visit the video section.